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Five Gynaecology Diseases Caused by Smoking

Many young people and pregnant women are using electronic cigarettes as a safer alternative to smoking, but only a few people know about their impact on fertility and pregnancy. Electronic cigarettes are increasing the use of tobacco products by adolescents. 

 
 
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number of middle school students using e-cigarettes rose from 2.1 million in 2017 to 3.6 million in 2018, which is about 1.5 million different from the number of young people.
 
Recently, a mouse study published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society showed that the use of electronic cigarettes might affect fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Dr. Kathleen Caron of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, who co-authored the study, said they found that using electronic cigarettes before pregnancy significantly delayed the implantation of fertilized eggs into the uterus, thereby delaying and reducing fertility. 
 
The study also found that the use of electronic cigarettes during pregnancy can alter the long-term health and metabolism of female offspring, thereby having a lifelong secondary impact on the developing fetus.
 
 
The harm of smoking to women:
 
1. Irregular menstruation
 
Nicotine and other harmful substances in cigarettes with menstrual disorders have a certain impact on female estrogen secretion, which can lead to the imbalance of estrogen secretion, induce menstrual disorders, delayed or early menstruation, less or heavy menstrual flow, and other phenomena. In addition, surveys show that women who smoke regularly are three times more likely to have dysmenorrhea than non-smokers, and adenomyosis is based on estrogen. 
 
The higher the level of estrogen in the body, the greater the likelihood of adenomyosis. Adenomyosis is one of the main causes of dysmenorrhea, so patients need active treatment to avoid infertility. Fuyan Pill is a good choice, and it consists of more than fifty kinds of natural herbs. It can activate blood circulation and remove blood stasis, invigorate the spleen and relieve dampness, fundamentally cure adenomyosis, and effectively alleviate female dysmenorrhea and other discomfort or symptoms.
 
2. Premature ovarian failure
 
Harmful substances in tobacco with premature ovarian failure (such as nicotine, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, etc.) are the most widely studied toxins to change ovarian function. These harmful substances can reduce the level of female estrogen secretion, lead to premature aging of female ovaries, and then affect ovarian function, making women look older than the actual year. 
 
 
3. Infertility
 
The harmful substances contained in the pregnant cigarettes will also have adverse effects on the ciliary motility of the fallopian tube, thereby reducing the probability of conception. If a smoking woman is pregnant, it may also have an impact on her baby's health, and there is a great possibility that fetal malformation occurs.
 
4. Breast disease 
 
Although smoking does not cause breast disease, Canadian studies have found that women who smoke generally have a higher risk of breast cancer. Women who smoke a pack of cigarettes a day for nine consecutive years have a 59% higher risk of breast cancer.
 
 
5. Uterine diseases
 
The medical evidence of uterine diseases shows that women who smoke are more susceptible to cancer, and the risk of cervical cancer among smokers is as high as 80%. Women who have been exposed to secondhand smoke for a long time have the highest risk of cervical precancerous lesions up to 7.2 times. In addition, if women smoke during pregnancy, it may also lead to ectopic pregnancy or less breast milk.

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