An ovarian cyst is one of the most common ovarian diseases in women. Many women find themselves suffering from ovarian cyst during physical examination or consultation. Generally speaking, ovarian cysts are mostly benign, they can disappear without treatment, but you can not be careless, after the discovery of ovarian cysts you still need regular medical review.
1. What is an ovarian cyst?
Ovarian cysts are more common in young and middle-aged women and a few patients in adolescence. Ovarian cysts are not tumors, and the risk of malignancy is very low, only a very few cases will turn into ovarian tumors. The common types of ovarian cysts are follicular cysts, luteal cysts, and lutein cysts, among which follicular cysts are the most common. The size of ovarian cysts is usually 1-3 cm in diameter, and a few can exceed 5 cm in diameter.
2. Will the ovarian cyst disappear by itself?
Some women found ovarian cysts during a physical examination or gynecological consultation, but after a period of time, they found that the cysts disappeared, and some patients would doubt whether the results of the last examination were wrong. In fact, some ovarian cysts do not need treatment and will disappear after a period of time.
The harm of ovarian cyst bring to patients and the difficulty of treatment depend on the ovarian cyst itself. If the cyst diameter does not exceed 5 centimeters, and there is no clear appearance of tumors, then most of them belong to functional cysts. We can have a review within 2 to 3 months, and then adjust the examination times according to the condition. If the cyst diameter is more than 5 cm, then most of them belong to ovarian tumors, and the patients will also have dysmenorrhea
, vaginal contact pain, pelvic tender nodules, and other phenomena, at this time surgery is necessary.
1. Surgical treatment
If the ovarian cyst is larger than 6 cm in diameter, it should be removed surgically and sent for pathological examination normally. Because benign tumors continue to grow, there is also the possibility of malignancy. Regardless of its size, the ovarian cyst should be operated as soon as possible. Frozen section examination needs to be performed during the operation to determine the scope of operation.
Laparoscopy or laparotomy should be taken as early as possible for pelvic masses with an unclear diagnosis or ineffective conservative treatment. Patients with breast cancer and gastrointestinal cancer should undergo routine gynecological examination and regular follow-up so as to detect metastatic cancer in the early stage.
2. Ultrasound interventional therapy
Ultrasound interventional therapy is to puncture the cysts with a fine imported PTC needle under the guidance of ultrasound, the needle tip can be seen in the cyst. After the cyst is sucked and decompressed, the cyst fluid will not spill out. After the cyst fluid is completely sucked out, the cells secreting the cyst fluid will coagulate completely after 10 minutes of injection of sclerosing drugs, and no cyst fluid will be produced. At the same time, all sclerosing drugs were withdrawn, and only sclerosing drugs were retained in the capsule, the remaining cystic wall tissue will also be fully absorbed in the short term. There will be no bleeding or damage to other tissues during puncture, which is a very safe treatment.
3. Laparoscopic treatment
In recent years, with the development of laparoscopy, it is widely used in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology, making the treatment of ovarian cysts from "massive damage" to "minimally invasive".
Because of its small surgical trauma, less bleeding, short operation time, quick recovery, short hospitalization, abdominal scar, less pelvic adhesion, slight tubal obstruction, it makes the preservation of fallopian tube much easier. Tissue coagulation wound can prevent cellulose exudation and deposition, and significantly improve the quality of life of patients after surgery which is welcomed by the vast number of patients.
Nowadays, there are many treatments for ovarian cysts at home and abroad, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, but most of them are difficult to cure the ovarian cysts thoroughly. The course of malignant tumors is relatively short, but it aggravates very fast. According to the severity of the disease, after surgical treatment, the tumor may still recur and regenerate.
The reason why ovarian cysts are not cured completely after treatment is that the dampness and heat toxicity in the patient's body has not been cleared, and it will continue to accumulate downward, then cause the recurrence of ovarian cyst.
If there are patients who have strong fertility requirements or the conditions are relatively mild, surgery is not needed, they can also take more conservative treatment, such as herbal medicine Fuyan Pill, it is made from Bupleurum, Poria cocos, yam, atractylodes, angelica, safflower, licorice composition, which can activate the blood circulation, nourish your spleen and other effects. It can kill bacterial, viruses, and pathogens causing diseases and effectively eliminate the ovarian cysts.
In addition to the treatment, you should pay attention to:
1. Developing good habits of exercise is helpful for the treatment of ovarian cysts.
2. Avoid high tension and mental stimulation, keep an optimistic attitude and get enough sleep.
3. When there is an ovarian cyst, it is needed to reduce the number of ovulation and improve immunity.
4. The patients with ovarian cyst should eat a light diet, which should be rich in inadequate nutrition.
In conclusion, if the size of ovarian cyst is less than 5cm, it can go away naturally, but you still need to have regular check for observation, if the condition is severe, surgery and medication is needed. It is advised to go to the regular hospital for treatment immediately if there is anything abnormal. I wish you recover soon!