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What Is Ovarian Endometriosis?

Endometriosis can be diagnosed when it grows outside the uterine cavity, causes recurrent periodic bleeding, forms diseases and symptoms. The ovary is the most vulnerable part of the endometrium. About 80% of endometriosis is endometriosis of the ovary. Because of the hemorrhage of the luteal cyst and follicular cyst, chocolate-like cysts can also be formed, which is commonly known as "chocolate cyst" in the clinic.
Endometriosis of ovary
It's an ovarian disease, a kind of pathological changes of endometriosis because it's shaped like chocolate, so it's named chocolate cyst. Under normal circumstances, the endometrium in the uterine cavity is affected by female hormones in the body, and shedding occurs once a month, so menstruation is formed. However, if the endometrial fragments fall off and flow into the ovary with blood, an ectopic cyst will be formed.
Moreover, this kind of ectopic endometrium will also be affected by female hormones. With the menstrual cycle, it will shed blood repeatedly, so it will make the ovaries increase and have an impact on the female body. And this kind of cyst also can gradually become bigger but rarely occurs in the malignant change situation.
The main symptoms of the patients were pelvic pain, abnormal menstruation, and infertility. Most of the symptoms were closely related to the menstrual cycle. 25% of the patients had no symptoms.
1. Pelvic Pain
It is the main symptom, which can be manifested as dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, coital pain, and acute abdominal pain.
2. Dysmenorrhea
Most patients can have dysmenorrhea, often secondary dysmenorrhea (not menstruation when the first tide has dysmenorrhea), and gradually increased. Most of the patients had pain in the lower abdomen and/or lumbosacral region from 1 to 2 days before menstruation, and the symptoms increased from 1 to 2 days after menstruation, and the pain relieved gradually after menstruation. Pain can sometimes radiate to the perineum, anus, and thighs.
3. Chronic pelvic pain
A small number of patients may have chronic pelvic pain, which is aggravated during menstruation.
4. Coital pain
When compact adhesion is formed between the Qiao capsule and the posterior depression, it can cause deep sexual intercourse pain, especially before menstruation.

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