Home > Diseases > Pelvic Inflammatory Disease >
Is There a Relationship Between Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female pelvic organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and surrounding structures. PID can be acute or chronic, with varying degrees of severity. If left untreated, it may lead to infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy, among other serious consequences.


Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infectious diseases spread primarily through sexual contact. Common STIs include gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV, genital herpes, and human papillomavirus (HPV).

STIs can affect the reproductive system and other body systems, posing a comprehensive threat to health. Many STIs might not present apparent symptoms initially, making them difficult to detect and leading to delayed treatment and an increased risk of transmission.

Is There a Relationship Between PID and STIs?

The occurrence of PID is related to various factors, with sexual transmission being a primary pathway. Statistics show that approximately 75% of PID cases are related to sexual activity, particularly factors such as having multiple sexual partners, early sexual activity, and not using contraceptives.

Gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis infections are the most common pathogens leading to PID. These STIs can directly ascend the female reproductive tract to the pelvis, causing inflammatory responses.

Symptoms of STI-related PID primarily include lower abdominal pain, fever, tenderness in the affected areas, peritoneal irritation, leukocytosis, and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. In chronic cases, symptoms might be mild, manifesting as lower abdominal discomfort or back pain. 

During acute episodes, abdominal pain can intensify and may be misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis or ectopic pregnancy.

Of course, STIs are just one cause of PID. Other causes include abortion, intrauterine procedures, and childbirth.

How to Treat STI-Induced PID?

Antibiotic Treatment: The first-line treatment for PID is antibiotics. Physicians will select appropriate antibiotic combinations based on the likely pathogens. Patients should avoid sexual intercourse until symptoms fully resolve and follow-up tests confirm the infection is cured.

Treatment of Sexual Partners: If an STI causes PID, the patient's sexual partners also need to undergo examination and treatment to prevent the recurrence of the infection.

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Treatment: Patients can choose the herbal formula Fuyan Pill for TCM treatment. Fuyan Pill has properties that promote blood circulation, alleviate pain, and accelerate the absorption and resolution of inflammation in the pelvic region.

Daily Life Precautions to Prevent Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

1. Maintain Hygiene: Both partners should prioritize genital hygiene during sexual activity. While female genital hygiene is crucial, male genital hygiene should not be overlooked. 

The male foreskin can harbor debris, so it is recommended that men thoroughly clean their genital area using mild soap and retract the foreskin for a complete cleanse before intercourse.

2. Regular Gynecological Examinations: Some diseases, such as human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, can initially present without obvious symptoms—up to 50% of HPV infections in the cervix do not show significant symptoms at the outset. Similarly, HIV can remain asymptomatic during its incubation period while still being transmissible.

Women should undergo annual gynecological examinations, including Pap smears, to detect precancerous changes and identify infections early.

3. Eliminate Infection Pathways: Keep the perineal area clean and dry, washing the external genitalia with clean water every night. Use a personal basin for washing, and avoid using hands to clean the inside of the vagina. Do not use hot water or soap for washing the external genitalia.

Practice effective contraception to minimize the need for abortions, which can cause trauma. Ensure that surgical procedures are conducted under strict sterile conditions to prevent the introduction of pathogens.

4. Practice Safe Sex: Abstain from sexual intercourse during menstruation, after abortions, and following gynecological procedures such as intrauterine device (IUD) insertion or removal. Vaginal bleeding during these times increases the risk of infection.

Avoid swimming, taking baths, or using saunas during these periods, and change sanitary pads frequently to prevent bacterial infection due to lowered immune resistance.

5. Increase Physical Activity: Regular exercise can enhance overall body resistance and maintain good physical condition, effectively preventing the decline in immune defenses that can lead to infections.

You may also be interested in:

Women's Vigilance: In These Circumstances, It Could Be Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Are Your Irregular Periods Caused by Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Sexually Transmitted Disease Chlamydia Gonorrhea Hit New High in U.S.

(Add):Shop 1-3, Nan Hu Xin Cheng, Wenchang Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan, Hubei Province,

ChinaCopyright@2010-2017 Copyright @ Drleetcmclinic.com All Rights Reserved

Special Note .reproduced or guoted articles related to copyright issues come forward and contact us