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Can Curettage Lead to Fallopian Tube Blockage?

Curettage is a common gynecological surgery that involves the removal of abnormal tissues, endometrium, embryos, etc., from the uterus through surgical means. It is primarily used to treat lesions within the uterine cavity, such as abnormal uterine bleeding, endometrial polyps, endometrial hyperplasia, and precancerous lesions of the endometrium.


Additionally, curettage is often used to deal with the remnants of a miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy emergencies, and other gynecological issues. It is crucial for women to understand the potential risks and consequences of the surgery. So, does curettage lead to fallopian tube blockage? Let's explore this question.

Does Curettage Cause Fallopian Tube Blockage?

During curettage, the main area of operation is the uterine cavity, so the surgery itself does not directly involve the fallopian tubes. However, some complications may increase the risk of fallopian tube blockage.

1. Uterine Infection

If the uterine cavity is not properly cleaned and disinfected after curettage, it may cause infection. An infection in the uterus can spread to the fallopian tubes, leading to inflammation and subsequently blockage.

2. Uterine Perforation

Occasionally, uterine perforation may occur during curettage, where surgical instruments or suction devices penetrate the uterine wall. Uterine perforation can lead to inflammation and adhesions in the surrounding tissues, which may also affect the patency of the fallopian tubes.

3. Postoperative Adhesions

Inflammation in the uterus following curettage can lead to the formation of adhesions, sticking the uterine wall to the fallopian tubes, causing menstrual blood to not be expelled normally and accumulate in the uterine cavity, thereby causing fallopian tube blockage.

It's important to note that these complications are not common outcomes of curettage, and the chances of leading to fallopian tube blockage are relatively low. Therefore, curettage itself should not be considered a direct cause of fallopian tube blockage. It is usually improper surgical procedures that cause endometrial damage and may lead to uterine cavity infections, further resulting in fallopian tube blockage.

If, unfortunately, fallopian tube blockage occurs due to curettage or other reasons, it is still necessary to seek active treatment. Common treatment methods include medication and surgical treatment.

Medication: For light to moderate fallopian tube blockages caused by infection, patients can use antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, or traditional Chinese medicine Fuyan Pill that clear heat, drain dampness, activate blood, and resolve stasis. It can help eliminate infection or reduce inflammation, thereby clearing the fallopian tubes.

Surgical Repair: For severe fallopian tube blockages, patients may need surgical treatment. Common surgical methods include hysteroscopic COOK guidewire recanalization, fallopian tube anastomosis, fallopian tube ostomy, etc. The surgical method should be chosen based on the patient's condition and the location of the blockage.

In summary, women undergoing curettage are advised to choose reputable hospitals and experienced doctors for the procedure. Doctors will choose the appropriate method for curettage based on the specific condition of the woman. After the surgery, women should also pay attention to personal hygiene, keep warm, and strengthen nutrition by consuming high-protein foods, such as fish and shrimp, to promote recovery.

You may also be interested in:

Detecting Fallopian Tube Blockage: The Role of B-Ultrasound in Diagnosis

Early Symptoms of Fallopian Tube Blockage: 99% of Women Tend to Overlook Them

Medicine or Surgery: What Fallopian Tube Blockage Treatments Can Benefit You?

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